Listen to the radio or television for weather reports and emergency information. Dress for the season.
- Stay indoors as much as possible.
- Conserve fuel if necessary by keeping your house cooler than normal. Temporarily “close off” heat to some rooms.
- Hang blankets over windows at night (let the sun shine in during the day). Stuff cracks around doors with rugs, newspapers, towels or other such material.
- When using alternative heat from a fireplace, wood stove, space heater, etc., use safeguards and ensure proper ventilation.
- Refuel kerosene heaters outside and keep them at least three feet away from flammable objects.
- If you have no heat, close off unneeded rooms and place towels or rags under the doors. Cover windows at night.
- Eat to supply heat and drink non-alcoholic beverages to avoid dehydration.
If your water pipes freeze:
- Shut off water at the main source. This can minimize the damage to your home.
- Call a plumber and contact your insurance agent.
- Never try to thaw a frozen pipe with an open flame or torch.
- Always be careful of the potential for electric shock in and around standing water.
- Avoid overexertion, such as shoveling heavy snow, pushing a car or walking in deep snow. The strain from the cold and the hard labor could cause a heart attack at any age – a major cause of death in the winter. Sweating can lead to a chill and even hypothermia.
- Watch for signs of frostbite and hypothermia.
If you become stranded:
- Seek shelter to stay dry.
- Cover all exposed parts of the body.
- If no shelter is nearby, prepare a lean-to, windbreak or snow cave for protection from the wind. Build a fire for heat and to attract attention.
- Do not eat snow as it will lower your body temperature. Melt it first.
On The Farm
- Move animals to sheltered areas.
- Haul extra feed to nearby feeding areas.
- Have a water supply available. Most animal deaths in winter storms occur from dehydration.